Help using evidence

If you are a patient (or someone with personal experience of a health condition), a care-giver or family member of someone with a health condition, or someone who supports healthcare consumers, the links below are intended to help you find helpful evidence so that you can make informed choices.

Information about health conditions

World Health Organisation: Working through offices in more than 150 countries, WHO staff work side by side with governments and other partners to ensure the highest attainable level of health for all people.

UK NHS Choices: NHS Choices provides an award-winning, comprehensive health information service with thousands of articles, videos and tools, helping you to make the best choices about your health and lifestyle.

NHS inform: NHS inform is Scotland's national health information service. 

Better Health Channel: Better Health Channel are there to "provide health and medical information to improve the health and wellbeing of people and the communities they live in."

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - Diseases & Conditions: The CDC is the leading national public health institute of the United States of America.

Clear Health from National Institutes of Health (NIH): The NIH is the primary agency of the U.S government responsible for biomedical and public health research. 

Cleveland Clinic, Health Library: "Access thousands of health articles, videos and tools to help manage your health."

Diseases: Government of Canada. Find information, tools and facts about symptoms, risks and how to prevent, treat and manage human diseases and illnesses. 

Family doctor: Family Doctor is the AAFP's [American Academy of Family Physicians] award-winning consumer website, featuring physician-reviewed patient education materials, that includes care for the physical, mental, and emotional health of the whole family from newborns to older adults.

Health A-Z: Health A-Z is an online database of over 600 health conditions and treatments. 

Healthdirect: Healthdirect is a national public health information service in Australia, offering online health information and advice. 

HealthLinkBC: HealthLink BC is a Canadian government-funded organisation that provides access to non-emergency health information and advice. 

Health Navigator: An organisation based in New Zealand that provides health information. 

Mayo Clinic Patient Care and Health Information: Mayo Clinic is a non-profit academic medical centre based in the U.S and focused on integrated clinical practice, education, and research. 

MedlinePlus: MedlinePlus is an online information service produced by the United States National Library of Medicine. The service provides curated consumer health information in English and Spanish. 

Myhealthalberta: This site was built by the Alberta Government and Alberta Health Services to provide one place to go for health information. 

Patient: Patient is an independent health platform containing over 4000 health information leaflets and thousands of discussion forums.

NPS Medicinewise - Medical Info: NPS Medicinewise is a not-for-profit organisation funded by Australia's Department of Health. It provides evidence-based resources, insights and information, with the intention of improving people's health.

Patient Information: Brief, non-technical summaries of studies and clinical guidelines provided by the American College of Physicians, the largest medical-speciality organisation and second-largest physician group in the United States. 

WebMD: WebMD is an American corporation known primarily as an online publisher of news and information pertaining to human health and well-being. 

Wikipedia: Wikipedia is a multilingual, web-based, free encyclopaedia based on a model of openly editable and viewable content. 


Real life experience of ill health

Healthtalk.org: healthtalk.org provides free, reliable information about health issues, by sharing people's real-life experiences.

Healthline: Healthline is a privately-owned provider of health information. Their mission is “to be your most trusted ally in your pursuit of health and well-being” and they are “committed to bringing you authoritative, approachable, and actionable content that inspires and guides you toward the best possible health outcomes for you and your family.” 

Evidently Cochrane: Health evidence presented in an interesting and accessible way in English.

The Patient Experience Library: A (UK) patient's-eye view of service quality. 


Help to make decisions about treatments

Patient Revolution: Resources for people who need to have conversations with their health care professional about treatments. 

UK NHS Shared Decision Making: Shared decision making (SDM) is the conversation that happens between a patient and their health professional to reach a healthcare choice together. This conversation needs patients and professionals to understand what is important to the other person when choosing a treatment.

Decision Grid: Option Grid decision aids are brief easy-to-read tools made to help patients and providers compare alternative treatment options. Option Grid decision aids help you find answers to the questions patients frequently ask.

Choosing Wisely: Patient-friendly resources that have been produced by speciality societies and Consumer Reports. Download the Choosing Wisely app for i-Phone here.

Patients Like Me: Know your options, connect with others, take action.

Decision Box: The Decision box is an evidence-based summary of the most important benefits and harms of a health care intervention.

Ottawa Personal Decision Guides: The Ottawa Personal Decision Guide and Ottawa Personal Decision Guide for Two are designed for any health-related or social decisions. They can help people identify their decision-making needs, plan the next steps, track their progress, and share their views about the decision. A to Z Inventory of Decision Aids can be found here.

InforMED - Patient Decision Aids: Tools to help patients and healthcare professionals make healthcare decisions together.

PubMed: PubMed comprises more than 27 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites. You can find guidance on how to use PubMed in the Quick Start section.

East and North Hertfordshire, NHS, Patient information leaflets: This UK hospital provides patient information leaflets to help answer some of your questions or help you think about questions you would like to ask your doctor or nurse. 


Help make sense of research

How to use the Cochrane Library: Help with how to find your way around the library, search, watch webinars, and online tutorials.

Plain Language Medical Dictionary: Plain language definitions of health research terms.

GET-IT Glossary: Plain language definitions of health research terms.

Understanding Health Research: A tool for making sense of health studies.

Learning for consumers - a pathway: A series of accessible online resources to help health care consumers and newcomers interested in health research find out more about randomised trials and systematic reviews.

Critical Appraisal Skills Programme: Tools that can be freely downloaded to help you make sense of research

Critical Appraisal Tools from the Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine: Useful tools and downloads for the critical appraisal of different types of medical evidence. Example appraisal sheets are provided together with several helpful examples. Resources available in a range of languages.

Testing Treatments: Making sense of claims about treatments. Download your FREE copy of "Testing Treatments" by Imogen Evans, Hazel Thornton, Iain Chalmers and Paul Glasziou.

INSPIRE Research Portal: This portal is an online library of resources designed for patients and researchers who are actively engaged in the research process from start to finish. The purpose is to provide easy access to existing tools and resources for this research community.